On October 2, 2019 the stock price of publicly traded U.S. Well Services (USWS) reached a 52 week and all-time low price in its short history of $1.82. That was more bad news for the three BDCs with $66mn of equity at cost invested in the company. Ever since the company underwent a reverse capitalization back in November 2018 and was listed on the NASDAQ, its price has headed downward. That impacted the BDCs involved, whose fair market value at June 2019 was lower than at March, as the stock price dropped from $7.98 to $4.20. That put a dent in the FMV values of PennantPark Investment (PNNT), Capitala Finance (CPTA) and – most of all – BlackRock Capital (BKCC). Coincidentally or otherwise, all 3 BDCs reported lower NAV Per Share in the quarter.
Look for a repeat in the third quarter as the stock price of USWS dropped to $2.19 at the end of the IIIQ. That’s roughly another (50%) drop in the last 3 months and should result in a further unrealized loss of ($16mn) or more. At the 52 week low price, the loss would be even higher.
Unfortunately for the BDCs involved their common stock holdings are “locked up” and cannot be disposed off till November. By then, the value of the USWS common will be down by (75%) or more compared to cost. Not inconceivable is that the oil services company – which we wrote about last on July 13, 2019 – could file for Chapter 11, wiping out all $66mn of the stock – mostly received as part of a debt for equity swap last year.
Not to rub things in, but this story is part of the broader troubles in the oil field services sector, which the BDC Credit Reporter has been warning bout for months and which we most recently opined about on September 6, 2019.
We’ve written about Bluestem Brands before on two occasions, on April 12, 2019 and June 19, 2019. Now the multi-name retailer – whose results are publicly made available every quarter – has just completed its IIQ 2019 results. Unfortunately, the turnaround at Bluestem continues, and there are signs that the situation is getting a little worse. We won’t undertake an in-depth diagnosis, although we’ve reviewed both the earnings press release and the Conference Call transcript.
We’ll focus on a key metric – and one of two material debt covenants. Required minimum liquidity – demanded by the senior lenders – is $40mn. This quarter, Bluestem had $50mn, down from $59mn the prior quarter. That’s pretty close, and principally why we’re writing this update.
We have a Corporate Credit Watch of 4 (Worry List) for the company, which has been “troubled” since 2016. The latest results don’t change our rating, but we continue to worry that the company is just one reverse away from a covenant default. That would not be the end of the world, but might suggest the attempt to turnaround the business with its current capital structure is unfeasible. That might involve some debt haircut in some form. Given BDC exposure of $29mn – already discounted – by (23%) by 3 of the 4 BDCs, there could be some further Unrealized Losses to come in the short term.
(We should point out that – for reasons unknown – Capitala Finance (CPTA has only a (4%) discount on its share of the 2020 senior debt, one sixth of what Main Street Capital (MAIN), HMS Income and Monroe Capital (MRCC) have valued the same exposure. There’s been a deviation between CPTA and the other BDCs for several quarters, and we don’t know why. If matters do get worse, CPTA – with $3.7mn of debt at cost – has the farthest to fall).
On Tuesday August 6, 2019 Capitala Finance (CPTA) on its Conference Call gave further details about the change of fortunes at equipment lifting company AAE Acquisition, which resulted in a ($20.4mn) Realized Loss. Apparently the company was up for sale but no buyers came through and the first lien lender foreclosed. CPTA was in the second lien and equity, which had been only mostly written down in the first quarter 2019. As a result, 100% of the investment was written off once and for all and $1.2mn of investment income (all previously in PIK at a 6.0% rate) lost. That’s about 2.5% of the BDC’s investment income as of March 2019 (annualized) and – for a sense of proportion rather than a calculation – 7.5% of Net Investment Income. This is a black eye for CPTA, especially given the surprise write-off. We did have the company – due to the valuation – on our under-performing list from the IQ 2019, but this was a surprise to us as well.
On June 18, 2019 multi-unit retailer Bluestem Brands reported results for the quarter ended May 3, 2019. We reviewed the earnings press release, and the Conference Call transcript on Sentieo (not yet linkable). Notwithstanding lower sales in the period compared to a year earlier, the company reported progress in “turning around” the business in several areas. Adjusted EBITDA was barely positive but that’s an improvement over ($12.6mn) a year earlier. Most importantly, from a credit standpoint the company was nowhere near triggering the several key metrics imposed by its senior lenders. Nonetheless, the burden of total debt has remained unchanged over the past several quarters, and its principal Term debt becomes due in late 2020. We have a CCR 4 Credit Rating, which remains unchanged. There are 4 BDCs with $29mn in exposure – all in the 2020 Term debt. In the IQ 2019, the unrealized depreciation was reduced in the BDC valuations and may receive a modest boost in the IIQ, based on these results. Nonetheless, the retailer is far from being out of the woods.
The troubled e-commerce retailer published quarterly and annual results for the period ended February 1 and 2, 2019. Despite closing down several brands and taking one-time losses, the Company’s Adjusted EBITDA and key bank covenants, as well as liquidity, all appear better. May stop the gradual erosion in BDC debt values underway since late 2016, which peaked in IVQ 2018. We updated the Company file and the BDC Credit Reporter’s views accordingly. For all the details, see the Company File.