On April 29, 2019 USA Today published an in-depth article regarding disputes occurring between the majority shareholder of twice bankrupt Payless, Inc. (aka Payless Shoesource) and certain creditors and lenders. With the future of Payless very much in doubt, the full repayment of $21mn of secured debt held by two BDCs is also questionable. Just a year ago when Payless went bankrupt for the first time, secured lenders got out whole. This time some of those same BDC lenders who funded the Company post bankruptcy may have a harder time collecting 100 cents on the dollar. See the Company File for all the details and our view.
On April 26, 2019 troubled oil exploration company Templar Energy, LLC announced the resignation of its long time CEO and founder David D. Le Norman. He is to be replaced by Chief Operating Officer of Le Norman Operating, LLC Brian Simmons. Mr Le Norman remains Chairman of Templar Energy. That sounds like bad news for the $12.8mn still invested at cost by two non-traded BDCs owned by FS investment & KKR: FSIC II and FSIC III. The exposure appears to be in the form of preferred and equity received as part of a massive debt for equity swap entered into in 2016 that saw $128mn of BDC second lien debt converted. However, judging by the valuation of the BDC stakes at 12/31/2018 – discounted by as much as (93%) the company’s performance remains problematic. Mr Le Norman’s departure cannot help.
On April 23, 2019, Jennifer Lopez backed Fuse Media filed for a pre-packaged Chapter 11 bankruptcy, seeking to unload $200mn of debt of $242mn on books. For only BDC with exposure – TCPC – that likely means the realizing of the $0.300mn invested at cost and already written down to zero. We have no Company File as Fuse Media was not a material investment.
On April 17, 2019 Sequential Brands Group, Inc. sold two major brand lines to Marquee Brands LLC for $175mn and an earn-out. The Company plans to use a substantial portion of the proceeds from the transaction to pay down debt. The transaction is expected to close in the IIQ 2019. BDC exposure to the Company is high at $295mn, in first lien, second lien and equity.
On April 18, 2019 two specialist lenders announced the closing of a $35.00mn asset-backed revolving line of credit for troubled mall retailer Charming Charlie, intended to finance working capital. The two lenders are White Oak Commercial Finance and Second Avenue Capital Partners. There are 3 BDCs with $37mn of debt and equity exposure to the Company, led by TCRD. At 12/31/2018, the 2023 Term Loan outstanding was on non-accrual. For what this financing might mean for the Company’s prospects see the Company File.
Another retailer is having serious problems: Pier 1 Imports. The Company reported very poor IQ 2019 results. We’ve updated the Company File. The two BDCs (MAIN & HMS Income) with $16mn at risk must be worried about further unrealized write-downs in the short run and – medium term – non accrual of interest and realized losses.
Publicly traded Fusion Connect has entered into a Forbearance Agreement with its Revolver lenders and 70%+ of first lien lenders. As the press release states : “Under the terms of the Forbearance Agreement, these first lien lenders have agreed not to exercise the remedies available to them related to Fusion’s decision not to make its scheduled principal payments due on April 1 and 2, 2019 and certain other defaults under the Company’s credit agreement. The Forbearance Agreement extends until April 29, 2019 unless certain specified events occur”. In the interim, the Company has hired turnaround advisers and appropriate legal counsel in an effort to restructure the balance sheet out of bankruptcy. However, the odds are stacked against the highly leveraged business. See the Company File for the BDC Credit Reporter’s View. The two BDCs with $18mn in exposure appear to be in a first lien loan due in 2023. The publicly traded debt – valued by the BDCs at close to par at 12/31/2018 – currently trades at a (25%) discount). That suggests CMFN and GARS are likely to have to write down their debt by close to $5mn or more in the IQ 2019 results and face the risk of additional Realized and Unrealized Losses. The most immediate impact is likely to be interruption of interest income: $1.1mn on an annual basis for CMFN and $0.7mn for GARS.
Publicly traded Canadian gas explorer Bellatrix Exploration is once again seeking to restructure its debt-heavy balance sheet. A Canadian court has allowed a meeting of debt and equity holders to be scheduled for May 15, 2019. At the meeting a complex arrangement of debt exchange, forgiveness and additional issuance, and the issuance of new stock, will be voted on by the different classes of stakeholders. The Company appears to have garnered broad – but not conclusive – support for its plans. If the recapitalization occurs any immediate leverage or cash flow concerns will be alleviated. If not approved, the potential outcome is hard to evaluate but is unlikely to be positive for most of the parties. BDC exposure is high at $105mn and all concentrated in the second lien 2023 Term Loan. For our View of the credit risks involved see the Company File.
AAC Holdings – aka American Addiction Centers – had a terrible IVQ 2018, with sales, EBITDA and earnings down. That’s reflected in the just published results and caused the Company to seek – as reported previously – additional debt financing to the tune of $30mn. On the Company’s Conference Call, management remained optimistic that a $30mn cost cutting program and a rebound in occupancy at its facilities would allow AAC to rebound. Still, with projected EBITDA for 2019 of $45mn-$55mn and $300mn in debt (97% due within 12 months), we have reasonable doubts. So do the public shareholders, who’ve brought the stock under $2.0 a share. The 4 BDCs with $60mn of senior debt exposure (at December 31 2018) must have their concerns as well, given that new debt has been added and real estate may be sold and leased back. If the other shoe drops at ACC, the BDC lenders may face material write-downs from the par valuation at year end 2018 and the risk of close to $6.0mn of income interruption if the debt goes on non-accrual.
According to an article published on Seeking Alpha and in charges brought by the State Of Connecticut, Lannett Company (LCI) and ” many other generic pharmaceutical firms have been conspiring for years to drive prices of generics up”. The author of the SA article continues :
…there is no clear path for LCI to remain solvent if they receive a fine roughly equivalent to their market cap (high end of the proposed range). In a previous report I highlighted how little free cash flow was projected given the current guidance. With a run rate of ~$107m in EBITDA, $68m in interest expense and $32.5m in CapEx (mid-range of the guidance) the company will be producing ~$7m in FCF.
$7m in FCF isn’t going to be very helpful in paying off the $650m in net debt, but in a situation where the government tacks on a few hundred million of additional liabilities – that probably spells bankruptcy protection”.
Admittedly, the author is short the stock. Nonetheless, there is cause for concern. There are 3 BDCs with $16.4mn in senior secured exposure to the highly leveraged company: OCSI, Cion Investment and OCSL with a smaller position. In the IIIQ 2018, the debt was written down sufficiently to cause us to place the Company on our Watch List. In the IVQ 2018 the discounts increased t0 a range of (6%) to (18%). More write-downs might be ahead or even non-accrual. About $1.25mn of investment income is at risk.
Caesars Entertainment, according to news reports, is being put up for sale. There are reportedly two potential suitors so far and the enterprise value is said to be $24bn. The only BDC with exposure to the company is BBDC, which only added its senior secured exposure in a Term Loan maturing in 2024 and paying LIBOR + 275 bps in the IIIQ 2018. If a deal does go through, this debt – which is Performing – is likely to be repaid before long.
Charlotte Russe is back. Or, at least, the name of the iconic women’s retailer is again in the marketplace with the promise of opening 100 new stores. However, the ultimate owner is now YM Inc., which bought the name and trademark from the former owners – a conglomerate of lenders who gained control of the company as part of its first bankruptcy two years ago. Those owners have been selling everything following the latest Chapter 11 filing to recoup what they can – even the right to use the Charlotte Russe name. YM Inc. appears to have no BDC lenders or investors. The former Charlotte Russe company, though, continues to have $42mn of remaining exposure – of both debt and equity – spread over 3 BDCs. Expect big realized losses when the affairs of the bankrupt entity are settled. Affected with be FSK, MAIN and sister non-traded BDC HMS Income.
On April 11, 2019,TransPerfect – the world’s largest language provider by revenue – filed a complaint in the Southern District of New York against rival Lionbridge Technologies and its owner, private equity firm HIG. TransPerfect is seeking at least $700m in damages and compensation. For all the details, see the press release. We have no way to determine who will win the lawsuit or any terms that might be involved. Nonetheless, the amount is sufficiently large – and with recent experience of companies losing major cases in court and being financially crippled thereby in mind – we’ve decided to add Lionbridge Technologies to our Watch List, with a CCR 3 rating. Till this news – and using IVQ 2018 values – there are three BDCs with $31mn in first lien and second lien debt exposure, all carried at par. We’ve also opened a Company File, which we’ll keep updated as this issue wends its way through the courts.
The troubled e-commerce retailer published quarterly and annual results for the period ended February 1 and 2, 2019. Despite closing down several brands and taking one-time losses, the Company’s Adjusted EBITDA and key bank covenants, as well as liquidity, all appear better. May stop the gradual erosion in BDC debt values underway since late 2016, which peaked in IVQ 2018. We updated the Company file and the BDC Credit Reporter’s views accordingly. For all the details, see the Company File.
AAC Holdings, Inc. that does business as American Addiction Centers has been on our Watch List for some time. We’ve just updated the Company file with various recent developments and renewed our view that some sort of “credit event” is likely in the short term.
Affinion Group Holdings, and several of its subsidiaries, have completed yet another recapitalization of the highly leveraged company. We’ve used the opportunity to update the Company Profile page which provides a summary of all prior restructurings and evolving BDC exposure. Speaking of the latter, the only remaining exposure is by Pennant Park (PNNT) and PennantPark Floating (PFLT), which has $46mn invested in the equity at cost and which was valued at $18mn at year end 2018. The BDCs relationship with the Company goes back more than a decade and – as the Company Profile page shows – there have been many twists and turns along the way. This is unlikely to be the last. In the short run, we expect the recapitalization will reduce the BDCs investment valuation, but the trend may reverse in the future depending on the performance of the Company. On the other hand, the equity could be fully written off one day. This is just a snapshot.
We added a new Seeking Alpha article to the Prairie Provident Company File. The conclusions were not very encouraging, including the following:
The net debt to TTM adjusted funds flow ratio is very high at 14.6x. Also, due to the disastrous Q4, the company is about to breach its financial covenants.
Not good news for the only BDC with exposure: GSBD. However, the current value of the investment is so small – all in equity – as to be immaterial.
Sungard Availability Services “has officially confirmed that the company will enter a ‘pre-packaged’ Chapter 11 bankruptcy filing on or around May 1st 2019”, according to a news report. The IT company has already negotiated a restructuring agreement with secured and unsecured creditors and expects to exiting bankruptcy shortly. The restructuring involves a debt for equity swap, which is reportedly going to reduce total debt “by over two-thirds”. In the interim, a $100mn Debtor In Possession financing has been arranged, and business continues as usual.
BDC exposure to the Company is substantial: $79mn, according to Advantage Data records. There are three tranches involved: two are senior debt maturing in 2021 and 2022 and subordinated debt due 4/1/2022. The BDCs involved are principally from the FS KKR Group: FSK, FSIC II and FSIC III and also GECC. $26mn at cost is in the subordinated debt, which was the tranche most written down at 12/31/2018, discounted by over &0%). Valuations on the senior tranches are generally much closer to par, varying between a discount of (2%) to (14%). Based on what we’ve heard of the size of the debt forgiveness, we’re surprised at how relatively modest the unrealized depreciation is. That’s complicated by the fact that the BDCs involved are likely to have been aware of the restructuring proposals when setting the valuation level. Will there be further write-downs of the senior and subordinated debt value now the bankruptcy cat is out of the bag or are we done ? Frankly, we don’t know, but will put a pin in the subject until the next portfolio filing. Till then, we’ll limit ourselves to projecting Realized Losses will range between $20mn-$26mn, and income will be interrupted as the Company moves through the bankruptcy process, affected IIQ 2019 investment income.
UPDATED: The BDC Reporter was contacted following the origination of this post by GECC which noted that its Sungard position was closed in January at a net gain. Here is what the 10-K said in “Subsequent Developments”:
In January 2019, we sold $4.8 million of par value of Sungard Availability Services Capital, Inc. first lien senior secured loan at a price of approximately 78% of par value. [Page 62]
By our calculation, 78% of par equals proceeds of $3.750mn.
Advantage Data records shows GECC’s exposure to the Company’s debt began in IVQ 2017 (12/2/2017), with $6.0mn of par purchased for $5.7mn. This exposure reached as high as $11.380mn at par, and a cost of $11.049mn in the IIIQ 2018. A portion was sold in IVQ 2018 and the rest – as mentioned above- in January 2019.
According to GECC’s Investor Presentation for the IVQ 2018 – which includes a section detailing “Individual Realized Investments”, a slide indicated : “GECC sold the entirety of its investment at approximately $0.92 in IVQ 2018 / IQ 2019, resulting in an IRR of 6.7% and a cash-on-cash return of 1.05x, net of accrued interest & amortization”. See page 12.
Monitronics, which does business as Brinks Home Security, is a wholly owned subsidiary of Ascent Capital Group, a public company with the ticker ASCMA. The business is very highly leveraged, with debt of $1.8bn and adjusted EBITDA at Brink’s for nine months annualizing at under $300mn. The auditor of ASCMA has raised “Going Concern” doubts in its IIIQ 2018 statements . In January 2019, the parent hired Moelis to help them consider “strategic alternatives” , which include “an investment in the Company or its operating subsidiary Brinks Home Security by a third party”. Amidst of all this, ASCMA has been attempting to restructure its debt mountain and – controversially – has been seeking to redeem Convertible Notes due 2020. This has been going on for months, but the latest press release on March 22, 2019 suggests the transaction has been achieved by raising the tender price offered. In the greater scheme of things, though, the problems of Monitronics and its parent appear far from over. ASCMA has become a penny stock, closing at $0.65, down hugely in the past year from over $ a share. Surprisingly, the 4 BDCs with $12mn of aggregate exposure to Monitronics have continued to mark their investment at close to par value through September 2018. All the BDCs – which include Oaktree Strategic (OCSI), FS Investment non-traded funds II & III and non-traded CCT II (the last 3 all part of the FS KKR construct) – are invested in the 2022 Term Loan. The senior nature of the obligation may have justified the generous values ascribed. However, in the IVQ 2018 valuations OCSI discounted the debt by (10%) for the first time and the other BDCs also applied lower valuations than in the past. Looking at the numbers, the huge amount of debt and the little liquidity available – not to mention the auditor’s Going Concern doubts – has kept this credit on our Watch List for some time, regardless of the BDCs numbers. We don’t know if the Convertible Debt repurchase is a win, or a loss or neutral, but before long we still expect a credit event – such as a default or non-payment – to occur. About $1mn of investment income is at risk spread roughly evenly over the BDCs mentioned. Furthermore, barring a well heeled buyer coming along, full repayment of the 2022 Term Loan also has to be questionable.
On March 20, 2019 Nine West Holdings, Inc. (“Nine West”) and some of its affiliated entities announced in a press release their exit from Chapter 11 bankruptcy. The company – which has been renamed Premier Brands Group Holdings, LLC is under the ” majority equity ownership of CVC Credit Partners and Brigade Capital”. The press release describes the company in this way: “a leading jeanswear, women’s apparel, accessories and licensing company with a portfolio of brands that includes Anne Klein, Gloria Vanderbilt, Kasper, and Napier. The Company is a wholesale partner to major U.S. and international retailers”. Nine West filed Chapter 11 in April 2018, sold off certain subsidiaries and – after a number of delays as the parties argued over terms – were able to reduce pre-petition debt levels by $1.0bn.
The only BDC with exposure is FS KKR Capital (FSK), which inherited the investments from Corporate Capital Trust (CCT), which merged into the BDC in December 2018. CCT had been an equity investor and senior secured lender to Nine West since 2014. Moreover, CCT participated in the Debtor-In-Possession (“DIP”) financing necessary to maintain operations following the filing. CCT’s exposure was part of a much bigger exposure by the combined FS Investment – KKR group, but we believe the initial deal was booked when FS Investment was aligned with GSO Blackstone. At cost, FSK’s exposure totaled $14.7mn at 12/31/2018. According to Advantage Data records, maximum exposure was $23.2mn in the IIQ of 2018 but much of the original Term Loan, due 3/31/2019 was repaid, possibly from the sale of the assets mentioned above. Currently, the 3/31/2019 Term Loan has a cost of $2.5mn and a FMV and par value of $2.6mn. The DIP financing has a cost of $5.7mn, a par value of $6.2mn and a FMV of $6.0mn. The valuation may be increased to par now the Chapter 11 exit has occurred and is likely to be reflected in the IQ 2019 FSK results. We are unclear if the Term Loan and the DIP debt will be rolled into the new company and on what terms. The DIP financing is currently only earning L + 375%, below FSK’s target earnings. Finally, FSK has $6.5mn invested in the equity of Nine West Holdings, dating back several years and written down to zero since IIQ 2016. We expect FSK will have to book a Realized Loss for the entire amount now the bankruptcy has ended. However, that should not affect net book value given the investment has already been written down. Not exactly a recovery for FSK, but the giant BDC gets to place this deal in the Resolved column and move on to larger, still ongoing under-performing credits.